The heel spur is the so-called inflammatory-degenerative process in the soft tissues surrounding the heel hillock. The heel spur itself is not a separate disease, it is a syndrome that occurs in certain pathological conditions. Its essence lies in the growth of bone tissue of the calcaneus.
The nest has a well-defined localization - the plantar surface of the calcaneus, in the area of attachment of the long ligament of the foot. The size of the growth may vary slightly, and the shape resembles a spur.
Causes can be infection, acute or chronic trauma, rheumatism, longitudinal flat-footedness, vascular disorders, which over the years turn into bone growths resembling a beak or spike. Heel spurs are most often found in middle-aged and elderly people.
In this article we will look at how to cure the heel spur, that is, what methods of treatment will be the most effective and rapid. Reviews of successful therapy can be read in the comments.
Why does the heel spur develop, and what is it? The formation of a spur on the calcaneus begins with the appearance of plantar fasciitis. First, the fascia is inflamed - the connective tissue of the sole, which is located near the calcaneal tubercle and reaches the toes of the foot. Then, if the process is delayed, calcification occurs - impregnation of the inflamed area with calcium salts. This is how osteophyte is formed, which, due to its characteristic appearance, has received the name "spur" among the people.
Provocative factors that contribute to the development of the spur on the spot:
- all types of flat-footedness with a sharp increase in the load in the heel area, sharp tension and permanent injuries of the tendons in the area of the arch of the foot;
- considerable physical strength and intensity of physical training, in which large loads fall on the foot area;
- overweight, when the body needs to redistribute body weight;
- age-related changes of the ligaments and bones;
- effects of foot injuries, especially in the heel area;
- vascular disorders;
- damage to the nerves in the zone of the lower extremities.
Often there is no visible reason for the disease of the heel spur, especially in the elderly. The common misconception that pain is associated with bone heel bone growth or "spur". Many people have "spurs" of the calcaneus, but not all develop inflammation of the fascia.
Symptoms of heel spurs
In the event of a heel spur, the main symptom is acute heel pain. People describe pain as drilling, piercing, burning.
It is permanent, but its intensity can vary throughout the day, increasing or decreasing. In some patients, the most severe pain may be in the morning and decrease with exertion. Other patients noted an increase in pain closer to the night, after a long stay on their feet. Sometimes, pain can spread to the entire foot.
Because of the constant, sometimes painful, pain in a person's gait changes. This is due to the fact that a woman or a man spares a sore heel and tries to step on the entire foot when walking.
Heel spur: photo
As the heel spur looks like, we offer for viewing detailed photos.
How to get rid of heel spurs?
Treatment of heel spurs should be comprehensive and conducted in several directions at once.
There are several ways to get rid of a spur on the heel: non-drug methods, medicinal methods, physiotherapy and therapeutic exercises, as well as surgical treatment. Consider these methods in more detail.
Treatment of heel spurs at home
When the first symptom of the heel spur appears, treatment is necessary. As a rule, such tissues as “ligaments”, “fascia” heal rather slowly. This may take several months until the pain has completely disappeared. However, the following procedures can help speed recovery.
A combination of different home heel spur treatments can help. Together, these procedures are known as conservative therapies for plantar fasciitis.
- Before you treat a spur at home, you should reduce the load (or remove it altogether) from the sole, where there is a spur. Make it easy, you need a rubber roller or "forging", cut out of rubber. Such accessories are stacked or glued to the shoes so that there is space between the heel and the shoes. This will greatly reduce the burden and ease the pain.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These are medicines like Ketorol, niz often relieves pain, and temporarily relieves inflammation. You can take the drug on 1 tablet no more than two times a day, always after meals, because This group of drugs has a negative effect on the gastric mucosa. NSAIDs should not be taken for more than 5 days.
- In addition to drugs for heel spur, taken orally, often used various external means in the form of ointments and gels, which help to further reduce pain, but due to local action do not give the body common to the side effects characteristic of NSAIDs.
In addition to the methods described above, it is important to wear shoes with special orthopedic insoles and heel pads. Thanks to such accessories, the load on the feet will be evenly distributed, which will ease the painful sensations.
If the basis of the appearance of heel spurs is any disease, then it is necessary not only to engage in direct treatment of the heel spur, but also to undergo a course of treatment for the underlying disease.
Injections of glucocorticosteroids in the place of localization of the spur. Injections of diprospan and phosterone are most effective. The method is as follows: the drug is injected at the point of the highest pain, as a result of the pain syndrome is reduced, inflammation decreases, the accumulation of calcium salts gradually resolves.
In some cases, it will take 1-2 re-injections. The procedure should be carried out only by an experienced specialist, since it is necessary to accurately determine the number of drugs, as well as the place and depth of their introduction.
Influencing the inflammation with x-rays. With the same purpose using high frequency currents (UHF), laser therapy, magnetic therapy.
Shock wave therapy heel spurs
The method of shock wave therapy for this disease was developed by Swiss doctors more than ten years ago. Today it is the most effective way to cure the heel spur, which has a minimum of side effects, and its effectiveness - 85%.
Advantages of shock wave therapy:
- the procedure is easily tolerated by patients of any age;
- no need for hospitalization;
- the highest performance.
The main contraindications for UVT:
- acute infectious diseases, intoxication of the body;
- nervous system disorders;
- bleeding disorders;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system, low blood pressure.
Under the influence of ultrasonic pulses, calcium deposits "break" into tiny particles that are removed from the patient's body through the bloodstream. At the same time, shock-wave therapy activates the process of soft tissue regeneration, reducing inflammation, swelling.
The use of shock-wave therapy at the initial stage allows you to remove the heel spur completely. The use of the technique in advanced cases relieves inflammation, inhibits or completely stops the growth of calcium growth.
Along with medicinal preparations with heel spurs, folk remedies also do quite well, which can be easily prepared by yourself at home.
Since among the recipes of traditional medicine there are many tips on how to get rid of the heel spur, we will consider only the most effective:
- According to ancient Chinese treatises on health, the presence of metal reduces the growth of bones. For application it is best to use copper or silver, but in their absence, you can use aluminum foil. It needs to be rolled up in several layers, and attached with a plaster to the heel. The course of treatment is 30−45 days.
- To the leg can be tied compresses of Kombucha. A prerequisite - during the week, do not pour into the jar where the mushroom, sugar. Having fastened the kombucha on the leg with the help of cellophane, from above the compress is tied with a towel and left overnight. This recipe is applied for 10 days, and after a short break - another 10 procedures.
- Chopped unripe walnut fruits need to be poured with one liter of vodka and put in the sun for 14 days, then strain. Make this infusion compresses at night.
- For the treatment, you will need 10 teaspoons of honey, 10 tsp, oatmeal and a little patience. We do the procedure for the night. Take 1 teaspoon honey and 1 teaspoon oatmeal, mix, it turns out a small flat cake. Before we soar our feet, wipe them dry and apply them to the sore heel. Fix the cake with a bandage, polyethylene and put on socks. Do this 10 times. After a full course of pain will pass.
- Crushed garden iris roots are poured with one-to-one medical alcohol in a ratio of two weeks in a dark place, then daily compresses are made from the tincture for two to three weeks.
- Every night before going to bed, steam out the spur, clean it with tweezers as much as possible, then 50 to 50 salt with honey (any) mix it up (do it once), put it on the wound, wrap it tightly and sock on top so that the bandage will not fly off, and sleep . In the morning you shoot and do your business. Every evening, repeat the procedure.
- A kilogram of table salt mixed with five liters of boiling water. When it boils, cool a little and steam in the resulting solution. The course of treatment with such baths is 10 days. The prepared salt solution simply heat up and steam the legs. The pain will subside already in the fourth procedure, but it is important to complete the treatment until the end;
- To get rid of growths, bumps, etc., put 6 aspirin tablets into powder, dilute them with 50 mg of 5% iodine, and lubricate sore spots in the morning and evening. The course of treatment for a month. To cones, growths and spurs are completely resorbed, you need to drink silicon-activated water. Use it for cooking, tea, etc. Salts will gradually go away and your legs will stop bothering you. Also do lotions on sore spots with a gauze bandage dipped in flint water.
- Mix crushed garlic with crushed chalk in equal proportions. After steaming your foot in the bath, apply the product to the foot. Lay cellophane and warm fabric on top. Several sessions of such a compress will help relieve heel pain.
- An in-shell egg is thoroughly cleaned and poured with vinegar essence, after which it is placed in the refrigerator for 10 days. After complete dissolution of the shell, the egg is removed, released from the remaining shell, pounded in an enamel pot and again filled with essence. In the mixture, add 40 grams of butter, after which the ointment is completely ready for use. The shelf life of such funds to 3 years (subject to storage in the refrigerator). Heels are lubricated before bedtime, after which you need to wear cotton socks.
Perhaps folk remedies will help in the treatment of heel spurs at home, but still the best option to use them in combination with physiotherapy and medical methods prescribed by a specialist.
Which doctor to contact
When a heel spur appears, it is necessary to contact an orthopedist. He will not only advise drugs to relieve inflammation, but also help you choose special insoles and other devices that facilitate walking.