If the pressure becomes lower than 100 to 60, doctors call this condition hypotension.
At the age of 20 and up to 40 years, this condition is observed in 5-7% of people, regardless of their gender, and in pregnant women the percentage reaches 12.
Is it dangerous? Experts say that for many people from this category, the pressure of 90 to 60 should not be considered a dangerous pathology.
Is this pressure normal?
Blood pressure should always be within normal limits. For the upper systolic blood pressure it is 100-130 mm Hg, and for the lower diastolic BP it is 60-89 mm Hg. The pressure of 90 to 60 is considered low blood pressure.
- The upper digits characterize systolic pressure, it is caused by the activity of the heart that pumps blood into the aorta and further along the arteries of the whole organism.
- Lower fractions determine diastolic pressure, which characterizes the state of vascular tone.
In most people, normal blood pressure indicators should not fall below 110 at 60 mm Hg. Art. If this happens, then most likely there is a condition called hypotension. It can occur as an independent disease, or be the result of some internal pathologies.
Causes of pressure 90 to 60
By origin, hypotension can be primary and secondary.
- Primary hypotension is an independent disease that can occur in a malnourished or overworked person, and is inherited. The reasons for this condition may lie in the usual stress, acclimatization, lack of vitamins, high workers or training loads. Primary hypotension occurs most often in young women and adolescents. In people older than 50 years, the elasticity of blood vessels decreases, they begin to respond to changes in atmospheric pressure and weather.
- Secondary hypotension occurs as a symptom of a disease or as a complication of a number of severe pathologies (hepatitis, gastric ulcer, heart attack, cervical osteochondrosis, anemia, intoxication of the body, heart failure, cirrhosis, tumors, diabetes, alcoholism, rheumatism, tuberculosis, cystitis).
Often hypotension is accompanied by so-called crises, in which the pressure can drop sharply to the figures of 90 to 60 and below. In this case, a person may experience nausea, severe dizziness, or even fainting. This condition usually lasts a few minutes.
Symptoms of low blood pressure
With a pressure of 90/60 mm Hg. Art. a person experiences a set of characteristic symptoms:
- sluggish, depressed state with signs of general malaise;
- feeling of lack of air, especially in cramped and crowded rooms;
- headaches, accompanied by a pulsation in the temples and neck;
- decreased appetite;
- sleep problems;
- pain in the heart;
- irritability and nervousness.
The appearance of these symptoms can be short-term, and can be regular, which gives a lot of discomfort. If you feel bad against a background of low blood pressure, be sure to consult a specialist for advice.
What to do at a pressure of 90 to 60
If you find yourself with symptoms of low blood pressure, the first thing to do is to consult a doctor. He will prescribe a comprehensive diagnosis. It should be borne in mind that the treatment of low pressure is a purely individual matter. Do not self-prescribe medication. This can end badly.
What if you have this pressure? Here are general guidelines:
- No need to get up sharply after waking up. It is better to lie down for a few minutes in bed, and only then slowly get up. This will help avoid morning dizziness and fainting that can occur in hypotensive.
- Follow the drinking regime, drinking at least two liters of fluid during the day.
- You need to eat at least four times a day. The diet should be balanced.
- Take a bath and a contrast shower without sudden changes in temperature, go for a massage.
- Movement is required.
These simple, helpful tips will help to normalize blood pressure and avoid hypotonic crises.