Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathology, which in recent years has begun to rapidly gain momentum, and which often becomes the cause of death of patients over 45 years of age. It affects the pathological process, mainly people who smoke. The disease is insidious in that its first signs, in particular, in smokers appear only 20 years after the start of smoking.
Pleurisy - inflammation of the pleura with the formation of fibrous plaque on its surface or effusion inside it. Appears as an accompanying pathology or as a result of various diseases. Pleurisy is an independent disease (primary pleurisy), but most often it is the effects of acute and chronic inflammatory processes in the lungs (secondary pleurisy).
Tracheitis is an inflammation of the tracheal mucosa. Manifested by swelling, swelling, excessive mucus production, redness of the tracheal mucosa, as a result of which it becomes extremely sensitive to various irritating factors (for example, sputum, sharply inhaled air), which leads to attacks of agonizing cough.
Whooping cough is a bacterial disease transmitted by airborne droplets from a sick person to a healthy person. Bacteria during coughing fly out of the infected respiratory tract and penetrate through the nasal cavity to the bronchial mucosa of a nearby person. There, they irritate the receptors and cause an uncontrolled cough, literally turning into vomiting.
Chronic bronchitis - diffuse inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi, exciting the deep layers of the bronchus wall with the development of peribronchitis. It takes a long time with the change of periods of exacerbations and remissions. This is one of the most common diseases of the respiratory system, occurring mainly in the age of over 50 years; in men it occurs 2-3 times more often than in women.
An allergic cough in a child or adult is one of the symptoms of an allergy. It appears for various reasons, due to the fact that allergens affect the upper respiratory tract. Cough occurs due to inflammation in the trachea, bronchial system, throat. An allergic cough may have a paroxysmal character, then the person begins to cough.
In most cases, coughing is a reflex defense reaction, by which the body gets rid of accumulated sputum and clears the airways. However, a dry, unproductive cough causes discomfort and does not bring relief during the illness. In general, cough is a symptom characteristic of most inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system.
Depending on the location, individual characteristics of the organism and the form of tuberculosis, the symptoms can be very diverse. If the symptoms of tuberculosis in adults are detected early, then the disease responds well to treatment. Late, neglected pulmonary tuberculosis is often incurable. Tuberculosis - what is it?
Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), characterized by the formation in the affected tissues of specific foci of inflammation and a pronounced reaction of the body. Recently, in most economically developed countries, the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis and its mortality have decreased.
Pneumonia is an acute infectious-inflammatory disease, with focal lesions of the respiratory system of the lungs, intra-alveolar exudation, severe fever, and intoxication of the body. In terms of the number of deaths, pneumonia is on the first place among all infectious diseases.
Obstructive bronchitis is a disease of the upper respiratory tract, in which the mucous membranes of the trachea and bronchial tree are most actively affected. It can manifest itself in acute form, acquire the characteristic features of chronic obstructive bronchitis and turn into bronchial asthma. Basically, bacterial and viral infections provoke the development of the disease.
Bronchitis is an inflammatory lesion of the bronchial mucosa, as a result of which the drainage function of the bronchial tree is impaired. With illiterate treatment, it enters a chronic stage and may be complicated by pneumonia, so it is important to know the causes of its occurrence, the first symptoms and the basics of bronchitis treatment at home in adults.
Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among the population of the entire planet. Asthma is treated or not open question. Even if we consider that at the moment it is diagnosed in its early stages and current treatment methods are used. What is asthma? This is a constantly present inflammatory disease of the airways, which is always accompanied by hyperreactivity of the bronchi.